Nutrition information table

Nutrition information table

Nutrition information (100ml)
Actual g Actual Kcal Actual % Ideal % Ideal Kcal Ideal g
Protein 3.2 12.8 20.9 20.0 12.3 3.1
Carbohydrate 4.7 18.8 30.7 55.0 33.7 8.4
Sugar 4.7 18.8 30.7 < 10.0 < 6.1 < 1.5
Fat 3.3 29.7 48.5 25.0 15.3 1.7
Saturated fat 2.1 18.9 30.8 < 10.0 < 6.1 < 0.7
Fiber 0.0 - 0.0 3.1 - 0.9
Sodium 0.040 - 2.0 < 3.1 - < 0.061
Misc 88.8 - - - - 85.8
Total 100.0 61.3 100.0 100.0 61.3 100.0
kJul - 256.5 - - 256.5 -

The nutrition information table presents a quantitative analysis for each food product. The table describes both actual and ideal nutritional composition for 100g of the food product. The actual composition is taken from the food's nutritional information panel or a database, as appropriate. The ideal composition is based on the BNI standard, and is proportional to the total energy provided by the actual 100g.

The table thus serves as a way of comparing how well the actual distribution of nutrients fits the standard for a balanced diet. The left side of the table deals with actual distribution while the right side of the table presents ideal distribution, both based on the same energy load.

  • The BNI™ is based on actual weight composition per 100g, as provided on the label of the product by the manufacturer or retailer (column 1).
  • Column 2 informs of the energy contribution of each macronutrient (in kcal), as well as the total energetic load per 100g (in kcal and kJul). Energy contribution has been estimated directly from column 1, and may differ slightly from that provided by the manufacturer or retailer on the nutrition label.
  • Column 3 informs of the percentage contribution of each nutrient. The contribution of protein, carbohydrate, sugars, fat and saturated fat are based on energetic contribution (% of kcal). However, the contribution of fiber and sodium, because they lack energy, are based on contribution to total daily intake. In order to calculate fiber and sodium percentages per 100g of food product both daily minimum requirements for fiber and maximum daily requirements for sodium have been associated to a typical daily diet providing 2000kcal/8368kJul. This way, it is possible to estimate a weight percentage associated to the energy load of the food product. In order to facilitate comparisons between products, all descriptions are standardised to 100g of the food product instead of being based on serving size. The actual percentage of macronutrient contribution forms the cornerstone of the BNI™, as the Balanced Nutrition Index™ works with percentage contribution rather than with weight.
  • Ideal contents (percentage contribution, energy contribution, and weight) are based on the BNI™ standard formula, and represent ideal distribution for the total amount of energy provided by 100g of the product.

Reading and interpreting above nutritional table is relatively straightforward, pending the following considerations:

  • Values for ideal distribution of protein, carbohydrate and fat represent adequate intake. A mismatch between ideal and actual values represents an unbalanced distribution either in excess or in deficiency, depending on the direction of the mismatch.
  • Values for ideal distribution of sugars, saturated fat and sodium represent upper limits (thus the lesser than [<] symbol). Therefore, actual values equal or below such thresholds are to be considered adequate, while actual values above such thresholds are to be considered as an unbalanced distribution of those nutrients (ie, in excess).
  • Values for ideal distribution of fiber represent a lower intake limit, thus actual values below such threshold are to be considered as an unbalanced distribution of fiber (ie, in deficiency), while actual values equal or above such threshold can be considered adequate (up to certain point). When information for fiber is not provided by the manufacturer or retailer, it will be counted as providing no fiber (ie, '0').
  • The miscellaneous (misc) row informs about actual weight that is not accounted for by the weight of protein, carbohydrate (including sugar) and fat (including saturated fat). It might represent the weight of water and other additives. This information will be absent for ideal weight if the addition of the ideal macronutrients weight exceeds 100g. Furthermore, when the food product is believed to have a reasonable amount of water in its composition (e.g. drinks, popsicles, yoghurt, etc), the miscellaneous value may be interpreted as water content. In this case a weight-based analysis (similar to that for fiber and sodium) will be carried out assuming a two liters adequate daily water intake from food products and energy-rich drinks. Water content, however, does not count towards the BNI™ value.
  • The load row informs of overall results per column, such as total weight, total energy and total percentage of protein, carbohydrate, fat and miscellaneous (excluding sugar and saturated fat, as these are but subcategories of carbohydrate and fat, respectively). The only variation in this category will be the ideal weight load when liquid products are analyzed, as the addition of the different nutrients, including the lower threshold for water (misc), will render a load below 100g. In this case, ideal weight load should be considered as the ideal minimum weight load for the product (thus the greater than [>] symbol).

Other interesting sites
Journal KAI
Wiki of Science
The Balanced Nutrition Index